Android (Operating Systems)

CtechF - Android

Android is a mobile operating system. It developed by Google. It primarily designed for touchscreens, such as smartphones and tablet. Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and wrist watches. Android is also used on game console, digital cameras, PCs and other electronics. First commercial Android device launched in September 2008.

  • Developer: Google, Open Handset Alliance
  • Written in: Java, C, C++
  • Initial release: September 23, 2008 (10 years ago)
  • Latest release: 9.0 – “Pie” (August 6, 2018)
  • Latest preview: Android Q (March 13, 20019)
  • Languages: 100+ languages available
  • Platform: 32- and 64bit ARM, x86 and x86-64
  • Official Website: www.android.com

Latest version

10.0 – Android Q

New features:

  • Support for the AV1 video codec.
  • Better support for biometric authentication in apps.
  • A native MIDI API.
  • Support for the Opus audio codec.

Older version

9.0 – Pie (August 6, 2018)

New features:

  • New user interface.
  • New transitions for switching between apps.
  • Display cutouts supported.
  • DNS over TLS and Vulkan 1.1 support.
  • The time has moved to the left of the notification bar.

8.1 – Oreo (December 5, 2017)

CtechF - Android_Oreo

New features:

  • Bluetooth battery level for connected Bluetooth devices.
  • Autofill framework updated.
  • Automatic light and dark themes.

8.0 – Oreo (August 21, 2017)

New features:

  • PIP (picture-in-picture) support.
  • Support for Unicode 10.0
  • Adaptive icons.
  • Sony LDAC codec support.
  • Multi-display support.
  • Google play protect and Downloadable fonts.
  • Wi-Fi Assistant.

7.1 – Nougat (October 4, 2016)

New features:

  • Touch/display performance improvements.
  • Opt-in with new hardware (Required: Daydream VR mode, Seamless A/B system updates)
  • Developer features:
  • Circular app icons support
  • Manual storage manager Intent for apps.
  • Improved VR thread scheduling.

7.0 – Nougat (August 22, 2016)

New features:

  • Unicode 9.0 emoji support.
  • Ability to display color calibration.
  • Daydream virtual reality platform (VR interface)
  • Improvements to file browser.
  • More Quick Settings options.
  • New Data Saver mode.
  • PIP (picture-in-picture) support for Android TV
  • Redesigned Overview screen.
  • Vulkan 3D rendering API.

6.0 – Marshmallow (October 5, 2015)

CtechF - Android_marshmallows

New features:

  • App Standby feature.
  • Application search bar and favorites.
  • Contextual search from keywords within apps.
  • Larger Application folder with multiple pages.
  • USB-C support.
  • Automatic full data backup and restore for apps.
  • MIDI support.
  • 4K display mode for apps.
  • Miracast support dropped.

5.1 – Lollipop (March 9, 2015)

New features:

  • Official support for multiple SIM cards.
  • High-definition voice calls available
  • Ability to join Wi-Fi networks from Quick settings.

5.0 – Lollipop (November 3, 2014)

New features:

  • Support for 6bit CPUs.
  • Project Volta for battery life.
  • Lock screen provides shortcuts to application and notification.
  • Audio input and output through USB devices.
  • Smart lock feature and Material design.

4.4 – KitKat (October 31, 2013)

New features:

  • Wireless printing capability.
  • A new framework for UI and Built-in Screen recording feature.
  • Step detector and counter sensor added.

4.3 – Jelly Bean (July 24, 2013)

New features:

  • 4K resolution support.
  • SELinux enables by default.
  • Bluetooth low energy support.
  • RTL (Right-to-left) languages supported.
  • Native emoji support.

4.2 – Jelly Bean (November 13, 2012)

New features:

  • New clock application.
  • Multiple user accounts (Only for tablets devices)
  • Group Messaging and SELinux.
  • Accessibility improvement.
  • All device uses the same interface layout.
  • Premium SMS confirmation.

4.1 – Jelly Bean (July 9, 2012)

New features:

  • Enhanced accessibility and Bi-directional text.
  • Smoother user interface.
  • Improved camera application.
  • USB audio.

4.0 – Ice Cream Sandwich (October 19, 2011)

New features:

  • Easier-to-create folders.
  • Face Unlock feature and Built-in a photo editor App.
  • Support for the WebP image format.
  • Wi-Fi direct.

3.2 – Honeycomb (July 15, 2011)

New features:

  • Pay as you go feature for 3G and 4G Devices. (only for tablets)
  • Improved Chinese handwriting prediction.
  • Update to Google Books.

3.1 – Honeycomb (May 10, 2011)

New features:

  • UI refinements and Resizable Home screen widgets.
  • Support for FLAC audio playback.
  • Support for joysticks and gamepads.

3.0 – Honeycomb (February 22, 2011)

New features:

  • Hardware acceleration.
  • Ability to encrypt user data.
  • Added action bar.
  • Redesigned keyboard.

2.3 – Gingerbread (December 6. 2010)

New features:

  • Support for NFC (Near Field Communication)
  • New Download manager.
  • Support for multiple cameras.
  • Power management.
  • Support for more sensors.
  • Google Wallet support (2.3.7)

Also Read :

2.2 – Froyo (May 20, 2010)

New features:

  • USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot.
  • Support for a numeric and alphanumeric password.
  • Adobe Flash support.
  • Support for high-PPL displays (up to 320 PPI), such as four-inch 720p screens.
  • Support for the Android Cloud.
  • Speed and memory optimization.

2.0 – Eclair (October 26, 2009)

New features:

  • Bluetooth 2.1 support.
  • Improved Typing speed.
  • Improved Google Maps.

1.6 – Donut (September 15, 2009)

New features:

  • Text to speech engine.
  • Updated technology support for EVDO, CDMA, VPN, 802. 1x.
  • Speed improvements.

1.5 – Cupcake (April 27, 2009)

Features:

  • Support for Widgets and third-party virtual keyboards.
  • Video recording and playback in 3gp and MPEG-4 formats.
  • Stereo support for Bluetooth.
  • Copy and paste feature in the web browser.
  • Auto rotation.
  • Ability to Upload the video to YouTube and Ability to Upload images to Picasa.
  • Animated screen transitions.

1.1 – (Beta) “Petit Four” (February 9, 2009)

“Petit Four” this name was not used officially.

Features:

  • Speakerphone.
  • Show/hide Dialpad.

1.0 – Alpha (September 23, 2008)

Features:

  • Google Calendar, Google Maps, Google Contact, Google Sync, Google Talk.
  • Media Player.
  • Instant and Text messaging and YouTube.
  • Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support.
  • Alarm Clock, Calculator, Home screen, Gallery.
  • Dialer.
  • Settings, Notification, Ringtone.
  • Web browser, Android Market.
  • Camera support.
  • Access to web email service. (IMAP4, POP, and SMTP) and Gmail.

Also Read :

Sources: https://pixabay.com (Images)


Hi Friends,

Hope this post will help you to learn something, If you enjoy my work then please share my posts with your friends and anyone who might be interested in this and don’t forget to subscribe.

If you had any problem with this post, please do mention it in the comment section.

Like ctechf Facebook fan page…..

https://www.facebook.com/ctechf

Liked it? Take a second to support CtechF on Patreon!

Leave a Reply

97 Shares
Share
Tweet
Share
Pin
Share