How to install Ubuntu on Windows 10
Ubuntu is a FREE and Open source OS. It based on Debian and Officially released by 20th October 2004. It is available in More than 55 languages and three editions (Desktop, Server, Core). This guide is to provide a simple to follow step by step guidance on how to install Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS on Virtual Machine.
Step 1 – What you will need
- Oracle VirtualBox – VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product. VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux, Macintosh, and Solaris. December 18th, 2018 VirtualBox 6.0 released.
- Ubuntu Operating System
- 2 GHz dual-core processor or better
- 4 GB system memory
- 50 GB of free hard drive space
- DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
- Internet access
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Step 2 – Downloding
Visit https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads and click Windows hosts to download the windows version of VirtualBox
Size – 167MB
Visit https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop and click Download.
Size – 1.9 GB
Step 3 – How to install VirtualBox
- Click on the downloaded VirtualBox Setup.
- It will open the VirtualBox Setup wizard. The Setup Wizard will install Oracle VM VirtualBox 5.2.28 on your computer. Click Next to start the installation.
- Choose the installation location and click Next. (VirtualBox requires more than 175MB on your hard drive)
- Select the way you want features to be installed.
- Then click Next.
When you installing the Oracle VM VirtualBox Networking features will reset your network connection and temporally disconnect you from the network. Click Yes to continue
- Click Install to begin the installation. It takes a while. depending on your computer. (If you got and Windows Security windows about drivers’ installation, Click install)
- After the installation complete. Click Finish. It will open the VirtualBox control panel automatically.
Step 4 – Creating Virtual Machine for Ubuntu
- Click on the New icon on the menu
Name and Operating system
- Choose a descriptive name (Ubuntu) for the new virtual machine and select the type of operating as Linux and Version as Ubuntu (Choose the correct based on whether you have a 64bit or 32bit computer)
- Click Next to continue.
Selecting Memory size (Ram)
- I added 2048MB memory for my virtual machine (Don’t add more than half amount of your physical memory capacity)
Creating Hard disk
- Select Create a virtual hard disk now and click Create. ( If you wish you can select a hard disk from the list or from another location using the folder icon)
- Select Hard disk file type as VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and click Next to continue.
- There are two ways to create a virtual hard drive. Select Dynamically allocated and Click next.
Dynamically allocated: This type hard disk file will only use space on your physical hard disk as it fills up (up to a maximum fixed size), although it will not shrink again automatically when space on it is freed.
Fixed size: This type of hard disk file may take longer to create on some systems but is often faster to use.
- Then type the name of a virtual hard disk file into the box below or click on the folder icon to select a different folder to create the file in. Select the size of the virtual hard disk. I add 30.00 GB for my hard disk.
- Then click Create.
Step 5 – Install Ubuntu
- Click newly created virtual machine and click start icon on the toolbar.
- Need to point ISO file you downloaded earlier. Click on the folder icon next to the Host Drive. Then locate downloaded ISO file and click open it automatically start the installation wizard.
- It takes several minutes to boot.
- Select language and click Install Ubuntu.
You can try Ubuntu without installing to your Virtual machine, directly from this iso file. (Click Try Ubuntu)
- Choose your keyboard layout and click continue.
- What app would you like to install to start with?
Normal installation – Web browser, utilities, office software, games and media player.
Minimal installation – Only Web browser and basic utilities.
- Choose the option you prefer and click Next.
Download updates while installation Ubuntu – It will install latest updates while installation Ubuntu
Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware and additional media formats – It will install some third-party software’s
- Now choose installation type and click Install Now
Erase disk and install Ubuntu – This will delete all your program, documents, photos, music and any other files in all OS.
Encrypt the new Ubuntu installation for security – You will choose a security key in the next step.
Use LVM with the new Ubuntu installation – This will set up Logical Volume Management. It allows taking a snapshot and easier partition resizing.
Something else – You can create or resize partitions yourself, or choose multiple partitions for Ubuntu.
Then click continue
- Select your timezone and click continue
It’s time to create a Profile.
- Enter details and click continue.
- It will start the installation process. It takes several minutes.
- After installation complete click Restart Now. It will restart the virtual machine.
- For remove the installation medium, press enter.
- Enter your password and log in
Step 6 – Virtual machine settings.
Select your virtual machine and click the Settings icon on the toolbar.
You can change memory size, add more hard disks and optical disks, change network interface and more.
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